On the hierarchical structure of self-determined motivation : a test of top-down, bottom-up, reciprocal, and horizontal effects

Authors: Guay, Frédéric; Mageau, Geneviève; Vallerand, Robert J.
Abstract: This article aimed to test some hypotheses about the hierarchical structure of self-determined motivation in two longitudinal studies. First, the authors verified the stability of global self-determined motivation and school self-determined motivation over time. Second, they tested top-down, bottom-up, reciprocal, and horizontal effects between global self-determined motivation and school self-determined motivation. In Study 1, 122 college students were evaluated on two occasions with a 5-year interval on their global and school self-determined motivation. In Study 2, 294 college students were evaluated on the same variables with a 1-year interval. Results from both studies revealed that (a) global self-determined motivation was not more stable than self-determined school motivation over time and (b) a cross-lag model including reciprocal effects between self-determined global and self-determined school motivation offered the best fit indices comparatively to a model involving only horizontal (or stability) effects. Discussion emphasizes the theoretical implications of the results.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 August 2003
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/13951
This document was published in: Personality & social psychology bulletin, Vol. 29 (8), 992-1004 (2003)
https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167203253297
Sage Periodicals Press
Alternative version: 10.1177/0146167203253297
15189618
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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