Effects of a dietary intervention promoting the adoption of a Mediterranean food pattern on fast-food consumption among healthy French-Canadian women

Authors: Bédard, AlexandraGoulet, JulieRiverin, MélissaLamarche, BenoîtLemieux, Simone
Abstract: It is expected that a dietary intervention based on the traditional Mediterranean food pattern should be associated with a reduction in fast-food consumption but this has never been tested before. We assessed the impact of a 12-week dietary intervention, promoting the adoption of a Mediterranean food pattern, on fast-food consumption among seventy-one healthy women aged between 30 and 65 years. The dietary intervention consisted of two group sessions and seven individual sessions with a dietitian. To determine the Mediterranean dietary score (MedScore) and fast-food consumption, an FFQ was administered. During the 12-week intervention, the MedScore significantly increased (from 21·1 (SD 3·6) units at baseline to 28·6 (SD 4·4) units at week 12, P,0·0001), while the fast-food consumption significantly decreased (from 51·7 (SD 46·4) g/d at baseline to 20·5 (SD 18·2) g/d at week 12, P,0·0001). Moreover, women who had a higher consumption of fast food at baseline decreased their fast-food consumption to the most (r 20·50, P,0·0001). When four subgroups were formed on the basis of median values of Medscore and fast-food consumption changes, it was found that only the subgroup of women which increased the most their MedScore and decreased the most their fast-food consumption experienced a significant decrease in BMI (P,0·01). In conclusion, a dietary intervention promoting the Mediterranean food pattern led to a decrease in fast-food consumption among healthy women even if it was not a specific target of the intervention. Dietary strategies for increasing intake of healthy foods may be a useful approach for decreasing intake of less healthy foods.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 9 August 2010
Open Access Date: 10 April 2017
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/13571
This document was published in: The British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 104 (11), 1662–1665 (2010)
https://doi.org/10.1017/S000711451000262X
Cambridge University Press
Alternative version: 10.1017/S000711451000262X
20691126
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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