Sex differences in the impact of the Mediterranean diet on LDL particle size distribution and oxidation

Authors: Bédard, AlexandraCorneau, LouiseLamarche, BenoîtDodin-Dewailly, SylvieLemieux, Simone
Abstract: Sex differences have been previously highlighted in the cardioprotective effects of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet). The objective of this study was to investigate whether sex differences also exist with regard to LDL particle size distribution and oxidation. Participants were 37 men and 32 premenopausal women (24–53 years) with slightly elevated LDL-C concentrations (3.4–4.9 mmol/L) or total cholesterol/HDL-C =5.0. Variables were measured before and after a four-week isoenergetic MedDiet. Sex differences were found in response to the MedDiet for the proportion of medium LDL (255–260 Å) (p for sex-by-time interaction = 0.01) and small, dense LDL (sdLDL; <255 Å) (trend; p for sex-by-time interaction = 0.06), men experiencing an increase in the proportion of medium LDL with a concomitant reduction in the proportion of sdLDL, while an opposite trend was observed in women. A sex difference was also noted for estimated cholesterol concentrations among sdLDL (p for sex-by-time interaction = 0.03), with only men experiencing a reduction in response to the MedDiet. The MedDiet marginally reduced oxidized LDL (oxLDL) concentrations (p = 0.07), with no sex difference. Results suggest that short-termconsumption of the MedDiet leads to a favorable redistribution of LDL subclasses from smaller to larger LDL only in men. These results highlight the importance of considering sex issues in cardiovascular benefits of the MedDiet
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 15 May 2015
Open Access Date: 17 March 2017
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/13556
This document was published in: Nutrients, Vol. 7 (5), 3705-3723 (2015)
https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7053705
MDPI
Alternative version: 10.3390/nu7053705
4446774
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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