Effects of a bacterial hay preservative (pediococcus pentosaceus) on hay under experimental storage conditions

Authors: Duchaine, CarolineLavoie, Marc C.Cormier, Yvon
Abstract: The abundant growth of molds and thermophilic actinomycetes in stored hay decreases its quality and can be hazardous for the producer who inhales these contaminants when the moldy hay is fed in closed barns. These microbes are responsible for a respiratory disease called farmer’s lung. Products, including bacterial cultures that can be inoculated in hay, are available to prevent hay deterioration by molds and bacteria. The aim of this study was to verify the effectiveness of Pediococcus pentosaceus (a bacterial inoculant) in preventing hay deterioration at different humidity levels in a laboratory experiment. Mixtures of grasses (mostly alfalfa, timothy, and clover) placed in plastic bags were treated with the commercially available product (live culture of P. pentosaceus) at 500,000 and 5,000,000 CFU/g of hay and humidified at different levels (20, 25, 30, and 35%). Control batches of hay (untreated) were prepared at the same humidity levels. The growth of inoculated bacteria in hay, pH level, and hay deterioration were evaluated. Under these experimental conditions, the growth of P. pentosaceus was abundant only when it was inoculated in very moist hay (35% moisture), resulting in bacterium levels of 6.3 3 108 CFU/g after 30 days. This abundant growth did not prevent the pH from increasing (final pH of about 9.0), nor did it prevent molding. At lower humidity levels (20, 25, and 30%), the bacterial inoculant used did not grow and did not prevent hay deterioration.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 December 1995
Open Access Date: 14 November 2016
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/12150
This document was published in: Applied and environmental microbiology, Vol. 61 (12), 4240-4243 (1995)
http://aem.asm.org/content/61/12/4240
American Society for Microbiology
Alternative version: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1388645/
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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